Dispersals and Diversification

Linguistic and Archaeological Perspectives on the Early Stages of Indo-European

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Dispersals and diversification offers linguistic and archaeological perspectives on the disintegration of Proto-Indo-European, the ancestor of the Indo-European language family.
Two chapters discuss the early phases of the disintegration of Proto-Indo-European from an archaeological perspective, integrating and interpreting the new evidence from ancient DNA. Six chapters analyse the intricate relationship between the Anatolian branch of Indo-European, probably the first one to separate, and the remaining branches. Three chapters are concerned with the most important unsolved problems of Indo-European subgrouping, namely the status of the postulated Italo-Celtic and Graeco-Armenian subgroups. Two chapters discuss methodological problems with linguistic subgrouping and with the attempt to correlate linguistics and archaeology.

Contributors are David W. Anthony, Rasmus Bjørn, José L. García Ramón, Riccardo Ginevra, Adam Hyllested, James A. Johnson, Kristian Kristiansen, H. Craig Melchert, Matthew Scarborough, Peter Schrijver, Matilde Serangeli, Zsolt Simon, Rasmus Thorsø, Michael Weiss.

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Preface and Acknowledgements
Notes on Contributors

Introduction: Dispersals and Diversification of the Indo-European Languages
Matilde Serangeli

1 Ancient DNA, Mating Networks, and the Anatolian Split
David W. Anthony

2 Nouns and Foreign Numerals: Anatolian ‘Four’ and the Development of the PIE Decimal System
Rasmus Bjørn

3 Proto-Indo-European Continuity in Anatolian after the Split: When Hittite and Luwian Forms Require a Proto-Indo-European Source
José L. García Ramón

4 Myths of Non-Functioning Fertility Deities in Hittite and Core Indo-European
Riccardo Ginevra

5 Did Proto-Indo-European Have a Word for Wheat? Hittite šeppit(t)- Revisited and the Rise of Post-PIE Cereal Terminology
Adam Hyllested

6 And Now for Something Completely Different? Interrogating Culture and Social Change in Early Indo-European Studies
James A. Johnson

7 The Archaeology of Proto-Indo-European and Proto-Anatolian: Locating the Split
Kristian Kristiansen

8 Hittite ḫandā(i)- ‘to Align, Arrange, etc.’ and PIE Metaphors for ‘(Morally) Right’
H. Craig Melchert

9 Cognacy and Computational Cladistics: Issues in Determining Lexical Cognacy for Indo-European Cladistic Research
Matthew Scarborough

10 Italo-Celtic and the Inflection of *es- ‘Be’
Peter Schrijver

11 The Anatolian Stop System and the Indo-Hittite Hypothesis—Revisited
Zsolt Simon

12 Two Balkan Indo-European Loanwords
Rasmus Thorsø

13 The Inner Revolution: Old But Not That Old
Michael Weiss

Index
Scholars, students and educated laymen interested in the linguistic and archaeological aspects of the early dispersals of the Indo-European languages and in the diversification of the Indo-European language family.