Dispersals and diversification offers linguistic and archaeological perspectives on the disintegration of Proto-Indo-European, the ancestor of the Indo-European language family.
Two chapters discuss the early phases of the disintegration of Proto-Indo-European from an archaeological perspective, integrating and interpreting the new evidence from ancient DNA. Six chapters analyse the intricate relationship between the Anatolian branch of Indo-European, probably the first one to separate, and the remaining branches. Three chapters are concerned with the most important unsolved problems of Indo-European subgrouping, namely the status of the postulated Italo-Celtic and Graeco-Armenian subgroups. Two chapters discuss methodological problems with linguistic subgrouping and with the attempt to correlate linguistics and archaeology.
Contributors are David W. Anthony, Rasmus Bjørn, José L. García Ramón, Riccardo Ginevra, Adam Hyllested, James A. Johnson, Kristian Kristiansen, H. Craig Melchert, Matthew Scarborough, Peter Schrijver, Matilde Serangeli, Zsolt Simon, Rasmus Thorsø, Michael Weiss.
Preface and Acknowledgements Notes on Contributors
Introduction: Dispersals and Diversification of the Indo-European Languages Matilde Serangeli
Ancient DNA, Mating Networks, and the Anatolian Split David W. Anthony
Nouns and Foreign Numerals: Anatolian ‘Four’ and the Development of the PIE Decimal System Rasmus Bjørn
Proto-Indo-European Continuity in Anatolian after the Split: When Hittite and Luwian Forms Require a Proto-Indo-European Source José L. García Ramón
Myths of Non-Functioning Fertility Deities in Hittite and Core Indo-European Riccardo Ginevra
Did Proto-Indo-European Have a Word for Wheat? Hittite šeppit(t)- Revisited and the Rise of Post-PIE Cereal Terminology Adam Hyllested
And Now for Something Completely Different? Interrogating Culture and Social Change in Early Indo-European Studies James A. Johnson
The Archaeology of Proto-Indo-European and Proto-Anatolian: Locating the Split Kristian Kristiansen
Hittite ḫandā(i)- ‘to Align, Arrange, etc.’ and PIE Metaphors for ‘(Morally) Right’ H. Craig Melchert
Cognacy and Computational Cladistics: Issues in Determining Lexical Cognacy for Indo-European Cladistic Research Matthew Scarborough
Italo-Celtic and the Inflection of *es- ‘Be’ Peter Schrijver
The Anatolian Stop System and the Indo-Hittite Hypothesis—Revisited Zsolt Simon
Two Balkan Indo-European Loanwords Rasmus Thorsø
The Inner Revolution: Old But Not That Old Michael Weiss
Scholars, students and educated laymen interested in the linguistic and archaeological aspects of the early dispersals of the Indo-European languages and in the diversification of the Indo-European language family.