The Sea of Chronicles (Muḥīṭ al-tavārīkh)

Series: 

Editors / Translators: Mehrdad Fallahzadeh and Forogh Hashabeiky
The Sea of Chronicles is an English translation of the ninth and tenth chapters of the historiographical work entitled Muḥīṭ al-tavārīkh by Muḥammad Amīn b. Mīrzā Muḥammad Zamān Bukhārī. The work is a valuable source in particular for the study of the late seventeenth-century Central Asian political, cultural and religious history.

The ninth chapter offers accounts of the Timurid, Abulkhayrid/Shaybanid and the first four Ashatrkhanid khans. The tenth chapter which is the most original and important chapter of the work presents a detailed account of the life and time of the last great Ashatkhanid ruler, Subḥān Qulī Khān (r. 1682–1702), revealing historical information essential for the study of the period and region.

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Mehrdad Fallahzadeh, Uppsala University, Sweden, is associate professor of Iranian languages at that university. He has published a number of articles and books, including the critical edition of Muḥīṭ al-tavārīkh (Brill, 2014).
Forogh Hashabeiky, Ph.D. (1958), Uppsala University, Sweden, is associate professor of Iranian languages at that university. She has published a number of articles and books, including the critical edition of Muḥīṭ al-tavārīkh (Brill, 2014).
The Translators’ Preface
Acknowledgments
Glossary
Map

Annotated Translation of The Sea of Chronicles (Muḥīṭ al-tavārīkh)


[Preface]
In praise of the fortune of Subḥānī (divine) shadow and the rise of that Jam-like king to the position of the royal throne

Chapter 9
On the emperor, the world-conqueror, the axis of the truth and faith, Amīr Tīmūr Gūrkān
On the rule of the most noble Muʿīn al-Dīn Shāhrukh Mīrzā b. Ṣāḥib-Qirān
On the disagreement between Mīrzā Ulugh Bayg and Mīrzā ʿAbd al-Laṭīf and the assassination of that excellent natured king [i.e., Ulugh Bayg] by his own wretched son
On Abū l-Qāsim Bābur Mīrzā the son of Bāysunqur Bahādur
On ʿAbdallāh Mīrzā b. Ibrāhīm Mīrzā b. Shāhrukh Bahādur
On the honour of throne and kingship, Mīrzā Mīrān Shāh b. Amīr Tīmūr Gūrkān
On the Ṣāḥib-Qirān  II
On the unique manners and character of the king, whose commands all obey, the dignity of kingdom and faith, Abū l-Khayr Khān and his great, eminent, and victorious sons who ascended to the throne with the assistance of God<
On Muḥammad Khān Shaybānī’s accession to the throne of the domain and the world
On ʿUbaydallāh Khān b. Maḥmūd Sulṭān b. Shāh Budāgh Sulṭān b. Abū l-Khayr who independently became the khan, and spread the hope for justice and generosity all over the world
On ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Khān b. ʿUbaydallāh Khān
On Suyūnj Muḥammad Sulṭān
On Pīr Muḥammad Khān b. Jānī Bayg Khān
On ʿAbdallāh Khān’s blessed birth and his rise to power
This is a Treatise in Explanation of the Science of Music
On ʿAbd al-Muʾmin Khān’s accession to the throne of Bukhārā
On Imām Qulī Khān’s accession to the throne of Bukhārā, the dār al-amānī [abode of safety]
On Sayyid Nadir Muḥammad Khān’s accession [to the throne] in the dome of Islam, Balkh
On the accession of His Majesty, ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Khān b. Nadir Muḥammad Khān in Khujand and [on] this news reaching Nadir Muḥammad Khān in Nasaf and his abandonment of rule and his departure from [the city]
On the entrance of his victorious majesty and magnificent and great king Subḥān Qulī Muḥammad Khān into the city [Bukhārā] and ascending to the throne of rule and fortune independently by the favour of mighty God

Chapter 10
On the blessed accession of His Majesty, the glorious and sovereign khan, to the throne of the excellent Bukhārā
On Anūsha Khvārazmī’s revolt and rebellion
On Anūsha Urganjī’s setting out for the second time towards the excellent
Bukhārā in order to capture it, and returning defeated and despairing
On Anūsha Khān Khvārazmī’s coming a third time with evil intentions to the blessed tomb of the khvāja of the world, Khvāja ʿAbdallāh Ghijduvānī, on the seventeenth of Jumādī l-ākhir of the year one thousand ninety-six [21 May 1685]
On Khān Urganjī’s dispatching of a letter of promises and threats to Khushīka Bī and a number fighters in the fortress of Dabūsī-shāh
On the arrival of His Majesty, the good natured, whose stirrups are the crescent moon, to Karmīna and Mīyānkāl with a well-equipped army
On His Majesty, the khan, setting off towards Balkh to punish Ṣadīq Sulṭān
On Ṣadīq Sulṭān’s revolt against his great father, Subḥān Qulī Muḥammad Bahādur Khān
On the arrival of His Majesty of Jam-like dignity and the angelic army, in Balkh
On ruling a realm and the custom of the kings; presented here as an example, may it be clear
On the dismissal of Anūsha Khān Urganjī from the throne and [the act of] blinding him
On His Majesty, the moon-escorted, hastily and anxiously setting out for the second time towards Balkh
On Ghāyib Naẓar Dīvān-baygī’s military expedition towards Harāt and Bālā-murghāb
On Khushīka Bī Atālīq coming forth towards Marv-i Shāhijahān together with the victorious army
On His Majesty, the caliphal-ranked [khan], setting off towards Balkh for the third time
On Bayg Muḥammad Īshik Āqā-bāshī’s rebellion in Shahr-i Sabz
On the conflict among the amirs in the capital city, Bukhārā, and His Majesty’s concern because of it
On Maḥmūd Bī Atālīq’s arrival together with the Balkhī amirs to put down the rebellion of the Bukhārī amirs
On Ārang Khān b. Anūsha Khān’s demise
On the riot and opposition among Balkhī amirs and on the arrival of a group of commanders of the Qūrama in the capital city and the detailed description of the events that happened in that land
On Raḥīm Bī’s arrival from Khujand with a numerous army at the court of the world-admired khan
On the meeting of Maḥmūd Bī and Raḥīm Bī
On his moon-escorted majesty’s battle preparations, for the third time
On the meeting of the amirs of His Majesty, the caliphal-ranked, with Maḥmud Bī and the Khvājagān
On Khvāja Ẕakarīyā Ṣadr’s arrival at [the court of ] the Jam-mighty khan to intercede for the inhabitants of the fortress [of Balkh]
On the shaykhs and ulama who lived during the reign of His Majesty the caliphal, Sayyid Subḥān Qulī Muḥammad Bahādur Khān
Note on some learned people and the master of art who, during the reign of His Majesty, the caliphal-ranked, were among his fortunate retinue
On the arrival of the Balkhī amirs [in Bukhārā] with a request to appoint the angel-escorted and royal-tokened prince, Muḥammad Muqīm Sulṭān as the tūra [ruler of Balkh]
On the arrival of a group of Khvārazmīs to His Majesty, the caliphal-ranked [khan], with the request to appoint Shāh Nīyāz Sulṭān the tūra [ruler] in Urganj
On the excellent Khvājagān and the eminent great men who visited and met His Majesty [the khan]
On some of the calligraphers who were employed in the [royal] library
On some painters and illustrators
On the explanation of the term history and its meanings

Bibliography
Index of Koran
Index of Hadith
Index of People and Places
Index of Subjects
All interested in the history of Central Asia, Iran, Afghanistan during the Timurids, Shaybanids, and Ashatkhanid dynasties, and anyone concerned with political, cultural, and religious developments of these region.