Buddhism in Central Asia I

Patronage, Legitimation, Sacred Space, and Pilgrimage

Series:

The ERC-funded research project BuddhistRoad aims to create a new framework to enable understanding of the complexities in the dynamics of cultural encounter and religious transfer in pre-modern Eastern Central Asia. Buddhism was one major factor in this exchange: for the first time the multi-layered relationships between the trans-regional Buddhist traditions (Chinese, Indian, Tibetan) and those based on local Buddhist cultures (Khotanese, Uyghur, Tangut, Khitan) will be explored in a systematic way. The first volume Buddhism in Central Asia (Part I): Patronage, Legitimation, Sacred Space, and Pilgrimage is based on the start-up conference held on May 23rd–25th, 2018, at CERES, Ruhr-Universität Bochum (Germany) and focuses on the first two of altogether six thematic topics to be dealt with in the project, namely on “patronage and legitimation strategy” as well as “sacred space and pilgrimage.”
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Carmen Meinert is Professor for Central Asian Religions and Principal Investigator of the ERC project BuddhistRoad at CERES, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany. Her recent publications include: Buddhist Encounters and Identities across East Asia, ed. Ann Heirman, Carmen Meinert, and Christoph Anderl Leiden: Brill, 2018.

Henrik H. Sørensen is the Research Coordinator of the ERC project BuddhistRoad at CERES, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany. His recent publications include "Buddhist Pilgrimage and Spiritual Identity: Korean Sŏn Monks Journeying to Tang China in Search of the Dharma" in Buddhist Encounters and Identities Across East Asia, ed. Ann Heirman, Carmen Meinert, and Christoph Anderl, Leiden: Brill, 2018.
Contents

Foreword
Acknowledgments
Illustrations and Tables
Abbreviations
Notes on Contributors

Introduction—Piety, Power, and Place in Central and East Asian Buddhism
Carmen Meinert and Henrik H. Sørensen

Part 1: Patronage and Legitimation


 1 Who Is Legitimating Whom? On Justifying Buddhism’s Place in the Body Politic
Sem Vermeersch
 2 Images of Patronage in Khotan
Erika Forte
 3 Uyghur Royal Patronage and the Buddhist Legitimation
Yukiyo Kasai
 4 Donors and Esoteric Buddhism in Dunhuang during the Reign of the Guiyijun
Henrik H. Sørensen
 5 The Formation of Tangut Ideology: Buddhism and Confucianism
Kirill Solonin

Part 2: Sacred Space and Pilgrimage


 6 From Padmasambhava to Gö Tsangpa: Rethinking Religious Patronage in the Indian Himalayas between the 8th and 13th Centuries
Verena Widorn
 7 Sacred Space in Uyghur Buddhism
Jens Wilkens
 8 Pilgrims in Old Uyghur Inscriptions: A Glimpse behind Their Records
Simone-Christiane Raschmann
 9 Looking from the Periphery: Some Additional Thoughts on Yulin Cave
Max Deeg
 10 Creation of Tantric Sacred Spaces in Eastern Central Asia
Carmen Meinert

Bibliography
Index
All interested in dynamics of inter-cultural encounter and Buddhist transfer in pre-modern Eastern Central Asia.