This volume explores the important legacy of Scottish missions to China, with a focus on the missionary-scholar and Protestant sinologist par excellence James Legge (1815–1897). It challenges the simplistic caricature of Protestant missionaries as Orientalizing imperialists, but also shows how the Chinese context and Chinese persons “converted” Scottish missionaries in their understandings of China and the broader world.
Scottish Missions to China brings together essays by leading Chinese, European, and North American scholars in mission history, sinology, theology, cultural and literary studies, and psychology. It calls attention to how the historic enterprise of Scottish missions to China presents new insights into Scottish-Chinese and British-Chinese relations.
Contributors are: Joanna Baradziej, Marilyn L. Bowman, Alexander Chow, Gao Zhiqiang, Joachim Gentz, David Jasper, Christopher Legge, Lauren F. Pfister, David J. Reimer, Brian Stanley, Yang Huilin, Zheng Shuhong.
Alexander Chow is Senior Lecturer in Theology and World Christianity in the School of Divinity, University of Edinburgh, and is co-director of the Centre for the Study of World Christianity. He is co-editor of the journal Studies in World Christianity (Edinburgh University Press) and is editor of the Chinese Christianities Series (University of Notre Dame Press). He is author of two books, most recently Chinese Public Theology: Generational Shifts and Confucian Imagination in Chinese Christianity (Oxford University Press 2018).
List of Illustrations Notes on Contributors Notes on Romanization
Introduction Alexander Chow
Part 1: The Man, James Legge
1 Pulling the Plank Out of One’s Own Eye: Reflective Moments of Transformation Gained from James Legge’s Christian Engagement with Four Notable Chinese Persons Lauren F. Pfister
2 Psychological Research and the Roots of James Legge’s Resilience Marilyn L. Bowman
3 Legge in Oxford David Jasper
Part 2: Scottish Missions in China
4 William Chalmers Burns in China David J. Reimer
5 China through Women’s Eyes: The Contribution of Female Missionaries in Manchuria to the Image of China at the Turn of the 19th Century Joanna Baradziej 6 The Anglo–Chinese College as a Bridge between the East and the West in Morrison and Legge’s Time Gao Zhiqiang
Part 3: Translators and Translations
7 The Translator’s Identity and Its Paradox: James Legge and Gu Hongming Yang Huilin
8 James Legge’s Hermeneutical Methodology as Revealed in His Translation of the Daxue Zheng Shuhong
9 “God Has Conferred Even on the Inferior People a Moral Sense”: Legge’s Concept of the “People” (min) in His Translation of the Book of Documents Joachim Gentz
10 Finding God’s Chinese Name: A Comparison of the Approaches of Matteo Ricci and James Legge Alexander Chow
Part 4: Legge and His Legacy
Afterword: James Legge and the Missionary Tradition in British Sinology Brian Stanley Postscript: Living in the Shadows Christopher Legge
All interested in James Legge, mission history, Christianity in China, sinology, and Scottish-Chinese relations.