Hermeneutics of Doctrine in a Learning Church

The Dynamics of Receptive Integrity

Author: Gregory A. Ryan
In Hermeneutics of Doctrine in a Learning Church, Gregory A. Ryan offers an account of the dynamic, multi-dimensional task of interpreting Christian tradition. He integrates doctrinal hermeneutics, the ‘pastorality of doctrine’ exemplified by Pope Francis, and a systematic appraisal of Receptive Ecumenism to provide an original perspective on this task. The book focuses on three contemporary Catholic theologians (Francis Schüssler Fiorenza, Ormond Rush, and Paul D. Murray), highlighting how each recognises the dynamic interaction of multiple perspectives involved in authentic ecclesial interpretation.

Christian tradition, whether passed on in teaching, scripture, practices, or structures, needs to be continually received and interpreted. This book offers theologians, ecumenists, and church workers a fresh model for receptive ecclesial learning in which doctrinal hermeneutics and pastoral realities are dynamically integrated.

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Gregory A. Ryan completed his Ph.D. at Durham University in 2018. He is Assistant Professor (Research) in Ecclesiology and Receptive Ecumenism at the Centre for Catholic Studies, Durham University.
Gregory A. Ryan’s groundbreaking exploration of how doctrine can be received with integrity is distinctive for its careful exposition of the complex interrelations of reception theory and tradition, as much as for its painstaking examination of Pope Francis’s call for a dynamic re-appropriation of the fundamentals of doctrine that does justice to the world of today. But it may be that Ryan’s greatest contribution will be to add theological depth to the creative pastoral initiatives of receptive ecumenism. Receptive ecumenism as a movement has established the importance of listening and learning. Ryan brings extra theological sophistication, and hence greater intellectual spine, to receptive ecumenism by asking and beginning to answer the next question exactly how this ecumenical initiative is grounded in the best of contemporary religious reflection. — Paul Lakeland, Aloysius P. Kelley, S.J. Professor of Catholic Studies Center for Catholic Studies, Fairfield University.

Gregory Ryan’s book, Hermeneutics of Doctrine in a Learning Church, is a major work. It will impact not only ecumenical theology, but also the wider discipline of systematic theology. The author, in foregrounding the thought of three contemporary theologians, not only brings them into conversation, but shows how together they advance the debate on an appropriate theology of reception of the Gospel in general, and of ecumenical dialogue in particular as one element of that reception. From this convergence, the author advances the conversation further and makes his own contribution. In particular, Ryan’s key notion of “receptive integrity” is an original contribution to the field. Also valuable is the book’s continual reference to the vision of Pope Francis, which is shown to be both illuminated by the theological approaches under review and, in turn, a “warrant” for the fruitfulness of the approach the author is promoting. This book will be welcomed for the way it shows a way forward for the church today in its proclamation of the Gospel in a pluralistic world. — Ormond Rush, Rvd Associate Professor, Australian Catholic University.

During this difficult time in the church when many suffer from wounds caused by clerical transgressions and institutional dysfunctions, Gregory Ryan explores the promise of a receptive approach to the interpretation of doctrine, a judicious assessment of worldly wisdom, and pragmatic paths to discriminating praxis. He finds ways for churches to learn from their failures, embrace their dynamic traditions, with an openness to the gifts of other faith communities and religions. Ryan gives special attention to the contributions of Ormond Rush, Paul Murray, John Thiel, and Francis Schüssler Fiorenza to chart a way onward. — Bradford E. Hinze, Karl Rahner, S.J. Professor of Theology, Fordham University

This first major work by Gregory Ryan makes three significant contributions. First, it brings fresh perspective to bear on the respective theological writings of Francis Fiorenza, Ormond Rush, and myself by interpreting them in relation to each other. Second, it represents a quantum leap in the secondary literature pertaining to Receptive Ecumenism by going beyond mere commentary or application to make its own constructive contribution to the continuing development of the field. Third, it identifies and articulates with great deftness the dynamics of ‘receptive integrity’ which lie at the heart of current Catholic concerns and controversies. It is at once a work of the highest quality conceptual analysis, constructive endeavour, and pastoral relevance and sensitivity. As such, it is a model of the kind of ecclesially-rooted, ecumenically-engaged, critically-constructive Catholic theology that is required for a context marked by damaging divisions within the church and ineradicable pluralism without. — Paul D. Murray, Professor of Systematic Theology and Dean of Catholic Studies, Durham University
Acknowledgements
Abbreviations

1 Disjointed Doctrines, Insistently Imposed?
 1.1Introduction
 1.2Aim and Objectives
 1.3Receptive Integrity
 1.4Outline of Chapters

2 No One Thing: Mapping the Dimensions of Doctrinal Hermeneutics
 2.1 Introduction
 2.2 The Hermeneutics of Doctrine: Anthony C. Thiselton
 2.3 Doctrine and Life 13
  2.3.1 Dispositional Belief
  2.3.2 Communal Forms of Life
  2.3.3 Temporality, Narrative, and Drama
 2.4 Ecclesial Learning
  2.4.1 Formation and Training
  2.4.2 Alterity and Narcissism
 2.5 Doctrine and System
  2.5.1 Dialectic and Polyphony
  2.5.2 System and Coherence
  2.5.3 Rescher’s Aporetics
 2.6 A Catholic Reception of Thiselton

3 Gaudet Mater Ecclesia as a Hermeneutical Lens
 3.1 Introduction
 3.2 Substance of Faith and Means of Expression
 3.3 Paradigmatically Catholic or Hermeneutically Naïve?
  3.3.1 Reconstruction
  3.3.2 Retrospection
  3.3.3 Reception
 3.4 The Pastorality of Doctrine
  3.4.1 Hermeneutical Considerations
  3.4.2 Pastorality as Expansive, Ecumenical Learning
 3.5From Development of Doctrine to a Hermeneutics of Tradition
  3.5.1 Hermeneutics of Continuity, Rupture, and Reform
  3.5.2 A Revivified Hermeneutic
 3.6 Conclusion

4 Dynamic Integrity and Reflective Equilibrium
 4.1 Introduction
 4.2 Coherence and Dynamic Integrity: Paul D. Murray
 4.3 Broad Reflective Equilibrium: Francis Schüssler Fiorenza
 4.4 Reconstructive Hermeneutics and the Integrity of Tradition
  4.4.1 Identity and Integrity
  4.4.2 Reconstructive Hermeneutics and Internal Coherence
 4.5 Background Theories and Extrinsic Coherence
 4.6 Retroductive Warrants and Pragmatic Coherence
  4.6.1 Hermeneutical Significance
  4.6.2 Dysfunctions, Wounds, and Incoherence
 4.7 Diverse Communities of Discourse and Interpretation
 4.8 Conclusion

5 A Vessel Renewed: Reception Hermeneutics and Ecclesial Learning
 5.1 Introduction
 5.2 Rejuvenating Reception: Ormond Rush
 5.3 The Architecture of Reception: Diverse Objects, Sites, and Readings
  5.3.1 Two Basic Hermeneutical Triads
  5.3.2 Four Objects of Reception
  5.3.3 Twelve Sites of Reception
  5.3.4 Further Hermeneutical Triads
 5.4 The Dynamics of Reception: Poiesis, Aesthesis, and Catharsis
  5.4.1 Poiesis and Productive Receptivity
  5.4.2 Aesthesis, Recognition, and Integrity
  5.4.3 Catharsis and Receptive Transformation
 5.5 Diachronic and Synchronic Plurality
  5.5.1 An Alternative to Essentialism
  5.5.2 A Pluralising Hermeneutics
  5.5.3 Reception and Alterity
 5.6 Putting Reception to Work
  5.6.1 Amoris Laetitia and the 2014–15 Synods
  5.6.2 The Reception of Amoris Laetitia
  5.6.3 Hermeneutics, Reception, and Ecumenism

6 Receptive Ecumenism as a Site of Receptive Integrity
 6.1 Introduction
 6.2 What Is Receptive Ecumenism?
  6.2.1 Third Wave Ecumenism
  6.2.2 Humble Realism and Realistic Humility
  6.2.3 Receptive Renewal as Ecclesial Learning
  6.2.4 Affective, Cognitive, and Practical
  6.2.5 Synodal and Transversal Ecumenism
  6.2.6 A Bold, New Strategy?
 6.3 Dynamic Integrity as a Methodological Commitment
  6.3.1 Committed Pluralism
  6.3.2 Recursive Fallibilism
  6.3.3 Expansive Catholicity
  6.3.4 Coherence-Based Testing
  6.3.5 Wounds and Dysfunctions
 6.4 Receptive Ecumenism as a Hermeneutical Endeavour
  6.4.1 Receptive Ecumenism and Ecumenical Hermeneutics
  6.4.2 Receptive Ecumenism and Reception Hermeneutics
 6.5 Conclusion

7 Conclusion: Receiving with Dynamic Integrity
 7.1 Retrospect
 7.2 Prospect
 7.3 Doctrinal Hermeneutics in a Franciscan Key

Bibliography
Index
Theologians, undergraduate and post-graduate students, ecumenists, and all interested in the development and interpretation of doctrine, continuity and change, Pope Francis, ecclesial learning, Vatican II, Receptive Ecumenism, theological method, post-foundationalism.