Conventional wisdom has it that the successful functioning of the UN Security Council almost completely depends on the role played by its five permanent members and the extent to which they can agree—or avoid to fundamentally disagree—on the many issues on the Council’s agenda. But the Council also consists of ten non-permanent or elected members who represent five different regions of the world, and who, though not vested with the right of veto, play an indispensable role in Council decision-making.
This book aims to take a closer look at that role. It considers what role is foreseen for the elected members in the UN Charter, how this evolved in practice, and what “tools” they can deploy. It also considers whether there are particular “niches” for the elected members on the Security Council, such as engaging in conflict prevention, taking initiatives on rule of law issues and debating the potential effects of climate change on peace and security. Can elected members serve as agents of the international community and norm entrepreneurs? Should their position be strengthened, and if so, how? This collection was born out of a dynamic research seminar held at Leiden University, which also drew on the experiences of former elected members. This book thus offers unique insights from both practice and scholarship, and is an indispensable tool for politicians, diplomats, academics and students alike.
Nico Schrijver is part-time Professor of International Law at Leiden University and serves as State Councillor in the Council of State of the Netherlands.
Niels Blokker is Professor of International Institutional Law at Leiden University and was previously Deputy Legal Adviser at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands.
Both of them have extensive work experience in the UN system, either as a member of expert bodies or as a delegate. Earlier they co-edited
The Security Council and the Use of Force. Theory and Reality - A Need for Change? (Brill, 2005) and
Immunities of International Organisations (Brill, 2015). In each of these publications they seek to bring together the perspectives of both academics and practitioners.
Foreword Stef Blok
Acknowledgments List of Abbreviations
Introduction Niels Blokker, Nico Schrijver and Sarah Mead
Part I: Elected Members: Law and Practice
Non-permanent Members of the Security Council: A Charter Perspective Stephen Mathias and Keiichiro Okimoto
Elected Members Today: Overcoming the Handicaps Ian Martin
Campaigning for an Elected Seat in the UN Security Council Ann-Marie Ekengren and Ulrika Möller
More Non-Permanent Members? On the Need for a Second Enlargement of the Security Council Niels Blokker
Part II: Elected Members: Inside and Outside Experiences
Pursuing Peace and Justice on the Security Council: The Canadian Experience Alistair Edgar
The Role of Elected Members on the UN Security Council: The New Zealand Experience 2015-16 Gerard van Bohemen
The Dutch Approach of Promoting the International Rule of Law and Constructive Multilateralism on the Security Council Nico Schrijver
Belgium in the UN Security Council: Responsibility Without Power? Jan Wouters and Nina Pineau
Representing the European Union at the United Nations: The Security Council Dimension Thomas Mayr-Harting
Serving on the Security Council: More Like Playing Poker than Like Chess Peter Wilson
Part III: Niches for Elected Members
What Kind of Rule of Law Should Elected Members Promote? Alejandro Rodiles
Elected Members and Agenda-Setting: The Security Council as Peace Broker Daniëlla Dam-de Jong
Managing the Ebb and Flow of Sanctions Reform: An Important Role for Non-Permanent Members Jeremy Farrall and Christopher Michaelsen
The Office of the Ombudsperson and the Elected Members of the Security Council Kimberly Prost
Environmental Peacebuilding and the UN Security Council Amanda Kron
Non-Permanent Members of the Security Council and International Criminal Justice: A Proposal for Revitalization Giuseppe Nesi
Working from the Outside to Change the Working Methods of the Security Council: Elected Members as a Bridge between the Permanent Members and the Rest of the UN Membership Christian Wenaweser
About the Contributors Table of Treaties Table of Resolutions Presidential Notes and Statements Case Law Index