A History of the Second Türk Empire (ca. 682-745 AD)


Author: Hao Chen
This book is an outstanding work of scholarship, which builds on a long history of research and publication in this field dating to the 1890s. The author has made extensive use of Chinese sources in the original and prepared a new edition of the Old Turkic inscriptions. It also provides new views on the dating and authorship of the inscriptions. In short, it is the leading edition for scholarly use by Turkologists, but is also open to those interested in the history of the Early Turks and Medieval Central Eurasia. An essential source book and reference work.

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Chen Hao, Ph.D. (2016) in Turkology, Free University of Berlin, is Associate Professor of History at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China. He has published works on the history of the Early Turks of Inner Asia and the authorship of the Orkhon inscriptions.
Map of the Second Türk Empire
The Ruling Lineage of the Second Türk Empire (682–745 AD)

 1 History of the Early Türks
 2 Overview of Political and Social Conditions on the Steppe
 3 Previous Research
 4 Questions and Sources
 5 Why a New Edition of the Old Turkic Inscriptions?
 6 Notes on Calendar
 7 Notes on Transcribing Chinese Characters

1 Revival of Power
 1 Unsuccessful Rebellion
 2 Successful Uprising Led by Kutluğ
 3 The Base of the Türk Rebels: Çuğay Mountain and Black Sand
 4 Ashide Yuanzhen and Bilge Toñukuk
 5 Campaigns of the Türk Army
 6 Return to Ötüken
 7 The Türk Campaign against Shandong
 8 The Tripartite Alliance against the Türks
 9 The Türk Campaign against the Kırkız
 10 Toñukuk’s Isolation in the Army
 11 The Westward Campaign of the Türks
 12 When Did Élteriş Kağan Pass Away?

2 Years of Warfare
 1 Honeymoon between the Türks and China
 2 The Kıtañ Rebellion against China
 3 The Intervention of the Türks
 4 The Türk Requirements for Military Aid
 5 The Winner of the Kıtañ-China War: The Türks
 6 Breakdown of the Türk-China Negotiations
 7 The Türks’ Second Wave of Attacks on China
 8 The Türks’ Victory over Çaça
 9 The Construction of Three Strategic Citadels
 10 The Involvement of the Türgiş and Kırkız
 11 Resumption of the Türk-Tang Marriage Negotiations
 12 The Türk Campaign against the Kırkız and Türgiş
 13 Suspension of the Türk-Tang Marriage Negotiations
 14 The Rise of the Tatabı
 15 The Fruits of the Türk-Tang Marriage Negotiations
 16 The Béş Balık Battle
 17 Kapğan Kağan’s Last Attempt
 18 Risk of Collapse
 19 The Türk-Oğuz War

3 Compromise and Negotiation
 1 Bilge Kağan’s Enthronement
 2 Background of the Toñukuk Inscription
 3 Swaying the Attitudes of the Small Regimes
 4 The Türk Campaign against the Basmıl
 5 Rebellion of the Sogdians in Altı Çub Soğdak
 6 The Türks’ Foreign Policy
 7 Establishment of the Kül Tégin Memorial
 8 The Türk Campaign against the Tatabı
 9 Bilge Kağan’s Death: A Murder Case

4 Empire in Decay
 1 Teŋri Teg Teŋri Yaratmış Türk Bilge Kağan (r. 734–740)
 2 Teŋri Teg Teŋride Bolmış Türk Bilge Kağan (r. 740–741)
 3 Collapse of the Second Türk Empire

 1 Reconstruction of the Chronology
 2 Contextualizing the Old Turkic Inscriptions
 3 Authorship of the Old Turkic Inscriptions

Appendix: Old Turkic Inscriptions
 Notes on Transliteration, Transcription and Translation
 Bilge Toñukuk Inscription – Text
 Bilge Toñukuk Inscription – Translation
 Kül Tégin Inscription – Text
 Kül Tégin Inscription – Translation
 Bilge Kağan Inscription – Text
 Bilge Kağan Inscription – Translation
 The Chinese Text on Kül Tégin’s Memorial
Glossary of the Old Turkic Inscriptions
Glossary of the Chinese Characters
The work will be required reading for all who deal with the Türk Empire, in particular the history of Sino-Türk relations in the Tang era, and for those studying the history of medieval Central Eurasia.