This is the first complete description of Poumai Naga (Poula), an understudied language spoken in Manipur in northeast India. Poumai Naga belongs to the Angami-Pochuri clade of the Trans-Himalayan family. The book comprises all aspects of the language, including phonology, lexicon, morphosyntax, syntax and discourse. This work employs the tone periodic table, an innovative method used for documenting tone languages. A bilingual lexicon and a collection of fully-analysed texts are provided in the appendices. This research work represents a substantial contribution to the field of comparative Trans-Himalayan linguistics.
Sahiinii Lemaina Veikho, Ph.D. (2019), University of Bern, is a researcher specializing in Angami-Pochuri languages of the Trans-Himalayan family. He has published several articles on Trans-Himalyan languages spoken in northeast India.
Acknowledgements List of Figures and Tables Abbreviations
1 Introduction 1.1 The Language 1.2 The People 1.3 History of the Poumai Naga 1.4 The Social System of the Poumai Naga 1.5 Genetic Classification 1.6 Previous Work Done on Poula and Related Languages 1.7 Organisation of the Grammar 1.8 Theoretical Framework and Data Collection
3 Tone documentation 3.1 Overview 3.2 Tonemes in Poula 3.3 Phonetic Realisation of the Tonemes 3.4 Noun Morphotonology 3.5 Verb Morphotonology 3.6 Tone Pattern in Particles 3.7 The Tone Periodic Table 3.8 Illustration of the Poula Tone Periodic Table 3.9 Corpus 3.10 Summary
4 Word Classes 4.1 Overview 4.2 Content Words 4.3 Derived Modifiers 4.4 Functional Words 4.5 Summary
5 Expressive Words 5.1 Overview 5.2 Acoustic Symbolic Words 5.3 Articulatory Symbolic Words 5.4 Systematic Patterned Words 5.5 Prosody in Expressive Words 5.6 Summary
11 Clause Combining 11.1 Overview 11.2 Simple and Complex Clauses 11.3 Clause Linking Morphemes of Dependent Nonfinite clauses 11.4 Clause Linking Morphemes of Dependent Finite Clauses 11.5 The Sequential Marker -ly 11.6 The Quotative -rwù 11.7 Serial Verb Constructions 11.8 Summary
12 Discourse Particles 12.1 Overview 12.2 The Particle sw 12.3 The Particle w 12.4 The Particle wm 12.5 The Particle dwi 12.6 The Particle e 12.7 The Particle -khai 12.8 The Particle te 12.9 The Particle nga 12.10 The Particle o 12.11 The Particle -ma 12.12 The Particle swshokozw 12.13 The Particle ty 12.14 The Attention Particle shiva 12.15 The Particle ‘That Is’ 12.16 The Particle zyko 12.17 The Particle thwutimò 12.18 The Particle sa 12.19 The Comparatives Particles 12.20 The Conditional -ko 12.21 The Non-specific tara 12.22 The Particle -laí Expressing certainty 12.23 Particles Expressing Probability
13 Text Samples 13.1 The Story of Liipeirou (Lwpwiru) 13.2 The Story of Ro 13.3 The Story of Chiiho 13.4 The Story of Dziilai Chína 13.5 The Story of Ziile Mou ‘Rice Seedling’ 13.6 Narration on the Ritual Ki 13.7 A Short Narration about the Place Call khia 13.8 Conversation
14 List of Words
Anyone interested in the Poumai Naga culture and language, and linguists, ethnographers and anthropologists working on the languages and people of the Himalayan region.