The Sanskrit Astronomical Table Text Brahmatulyasāraṇī

Numerical tables in textual scholarship


The 17th-century Brahmatulyasāraṇī is a rich repository of information about Indian mathematical astronomy and its genres of scientific writing in Sanskrit. This painstaking critical edition, translation, and technical analysis of the work includes detailed technical background about its content and relation to the seminal 12th-century astronomical handbook Karaṇakutūhala. This book explores important contextual information about the role and study of numerical tables in pre-modern astronomy, as well as the many challenges arising from critically editing numerical data in the Indian astral sciences.

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Anuj Misra, Ph.D. (2016), University of Canterbury, is a Marie Skłodowska-Curie fellow at the University of Copenhagen. His research focuses on medieval and early-modern exchanges in Sanskrit astral sciences and has contributed articles and book-chapters examining Islamicate influences in Sanskrit astronomy. Clemency Montelle, Ph.D. (2005), Brown University, Professor in the School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Canterbury, New Zealand, has research interests in the mathematical history of early cultures of inquiry and has contributed books and articles on the subject. Kim Plofker, Ph.D. (1995), Brown University, is Associate Professor of Mathematics at Union College, NY. Her research on Indian science and its Islamic and European counterparts includes Mathematics in India (Princeton, 2009) and Sanskrit Astronomical Tables (with Clemency Montelle; Springer, 2018).
1 Introduction
 1.1 Critical Editing and Numerical Tables
 1.2 Textual Scholarship Applied to Table Texts: The State of The Field
 1.3 Critical Editing and the Sanskrit Text Corpus

2 Overview of the Brahmatulyasāraṇī and Its Manuscripts
 2.1 The Brahmatulyasāraṇī: Background and Approach
 2.2 Manuscript Witnesses to the Brahmatulyasāraṇī
 2.3 Colophon and Post-colophon Material from the Manuscripts

3 Technical Analysis of the Brahmatulyasāraṇī
 3.1 Overview of the Brahmatulyasāraṇī and Its Tables
 3.2 Accumulated Civil Days (ahargaṇa) since Epoch; Mean Longitudes
 3.3 Local and Secular Adjustments to Mean Longitudes
 3.4 Computation and Application of the manda-Equation to Mean Longitude and Velocity for the Seven Planets
 3.5 Computation and Application of the śīghra-Equation for the Five Planets; Completion of True Longitude and Velocity Corrections
 3.6 Corrections due to the Sun’s Position

4 Variation in Manuscripts of Brahmatulyasāraṇī Tables
 4.1 Tables and Their Organisation
 4.2 Paratext
 4.3 Layout
 4.4 Representation of Numerical Data

5 Framework and Features of the Critical Edition
 5.1 Typographic Conventions
 5.2 Editing Problems and Editorial Choices for the Tables
 5.3 Intrinsic Structure of the Edited Tables

6 Critical Edition of Versified Text and Tables
 6.1 Critical Edition of the Verses
 6.2 Critical Edition of the Tables

7 Appendix: Sanskrit Astronomy and the Karaṇakutūhala

Students (advanced undergraduates and above) and researchers in history of astronomy and mathematics; library collections in history of science, Indology, textual scholarship; lay readers with interest in Sanskrit scientific texts.