Body and Cosmos

Studies in Early Indian Medical and Astral Sciences in Honor of Kenneth G. Zysk


Body and Cosmos is a collection of articles published on the occasion of the 70th birthday of Professor Emeritus Kenneth G. Zysk. The articles revolve thematically around the early Indian medical and astral sciences, which have been at the center of Professor Zysk’s long and esteemed career within the discipline of Indology.
The volume is divided into three parts. The first part is devoted to the medical sciences, the second part to the astral sciences, and the third part to cross-cultural interactions between India and the West, which runs like an undercurrent throughout the work of Professor Zysk.
The articles are written by internationally renowned Indological scholars and will be of value to students and researchers alike.

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Toke Lindegaard Knudsen, Ph.D. (2008), Brown University, is Associate Professor of Mathematics at the State University of New York at Oneonta. He has published on astronomy and mathematics in ancient and medieval India, including The Siddhāntasundara of Jñānarāja: An English Translation with Commentary (Johns Hopkins, 2014).
Jacob Schmidt-Madsen, Ph.D. (2019), University of Copenhagen, is a postdoctoral researcher in Indology at the same university. He specializes in the history of South Asian board games and has written on the origins of the games of caupaṛ and gyān caupaṛ.
Sara Speyer, M.A. (2017), University of Copenhagen, works as an Āyurvedic therapist. She is also part of an international research group working on the Gārgīyajyotiṣa, an ancient text on astral sciences, her focus being the section on animal omens.
List of Figures and Tables

Part 1 Introduction

1 Kenneth G. Zysk and the University of Copenhagen
Erik Reenberg Sand

2 Kenneth G. Zysk as the Narains Remember Him
Kamal Sheel

Part 2 History of Medicine

3 Agni and Soma Revisited: A Primordial Āyurvedic Concept?
Vitus Angermeier

4 Humoral Constitutions in the Carakasaṃhitā
Philipp Maas

5 Diachronic Migration of Ancient Indian Medical Literature: Divisions and Paratextual Elements in the Carakasaṃhitā
Cristina Pecchia

6 A New Translation of Carakasaṃhitā, Vimānasthāna, Chapter 1, Based on the Vienna Critical Edition
Dominik Wujastyk

7 On the Textual History of the Suśrutasaṃhitā, (2): An Anonymous Commentary and Its Identified Citations
Andrey Klebanov

8 On Attaining Special Powers through Rasāyana Therapies in Sanskrit Medical Literature
Dagmar Wujastyk

9 Karman, Prāyaścitta, and Disease: A Reading of the Karmavipāka Digression in Mādhavācārya’s Parāśaramādhavīya
Mikael Aktor

10 Plagues and Brahmins: Did a Combination of Epidemics and Ideology Empty India’s Cities?
Johannes Bronkhorst

11 Allegory and History, Life and Embodiment
Anthony Cerulli

Part 3 Astral Sciences

12 The Ritualization of Omens in Late Vedic Ritual: A Consideration of Early Evidence
Marko Geslani

13 The Rāmāyaṇa and the Yugas
Luis González-Reimann

14 The Size of the Universe in Indian Astronomy
Michio Yano

15 Trigonometry through Geometry: Bhāskarācārya’s Generation of Sines
Krishnamurthi Ramasubramanian and Clemency Montelle

16 Mathematics and Presentation of Eclipse Diagrams in Sanskrit Astronomy
Kim Plofker

17 Numerical Systems Followed in Grantha Manuscripts
Saraju Rath

Part 4 Interactions across Culture and Time

18 Inventing the Pothi: The Adoption and Spread of a New Manuscript Format in Indian Buddhism
Stefan Baums

19 Indian Physicians in Greco-Roman Literature?
Klaus Karttunen

20 Greco-Indian Astrological Theories on Conception and Childbirth: Chapters Three and Four of Mīnarāja’s Vṛddhayavanajātaka
Bill M. Mak

21 Modern Sāṃkhya: Plurality of Sāṃkhya Traditions in Modern India
Knut A. Jacobsen

The Works of Kenneth G. Zysk