This co-edited volume offers new insights into the complex relations between Brussels and Vienna in the turn-of-the-century period (1880-1930). Through archival research and critical methods of cultural transfer as a network, it contributes to the study of Modernism in all its complexity.
Seventeen chapters analyse the interconnections between new developments in literature (Verhaeren, Musil, Zweig), drama (Maeterlinck, Schnitzler, Hofmannsthal), visual arts (Minne, Khnopff, Masereel, Child Art), architecture (Hoffmann, Van de Velde), music (Schönberg, Ysaÿe, Kreisler, Kolisch), as well as psychoanalysis (Varendonck, Anna Freud) and café culture. Austrian and Belgian artists played a crucial role within the complex, rich, and conflictual international networks of people, practices, institutions, and metropoles in an era of political, social and technological change and intense internationalization.
Contributors: Sylvie Arlaud, Norbert Bachleitner, Anke Bosse, Megan Brandow-Faller, Alexander Carpenter, Piet Defraeye, Clément Dessy, Aniel Guxholli, Birgit Lang, Helga Mitterbauer, Chris Reyns-Chikuma, Silvia Ritz, Hubert Roland, Inga Rossi-Schrimpf, Sigurd Paul Scheichl, Guillaume Tardif, Hans Vandevoorde.
Piet Defraeye, Ph.D. (1994, University of Toronto), Professor Performance Studies (U of Alberta). Publishes on contemporary performance (including Handke and Jeliniek) and directs for the stage. His current research project is on the figure of Patrice Lumumba in cultural discourse.
Helga Mitterbauer, Ph.D. (2000, University of Graz), professor of German literature at the Université libre de Bruxelles who has published monographs, volumes, and articles on German/Austrian literature, including Crossing Central Europe (co-ed., 2017).
Chris Reyns-Chikuma, Ph.D. (2000, University of Colorado), is a Professor of French Cultural Studies at the University of Alberta (Canada). He has published a book on Neo-japonisme, edited another one on Glénat and written over 50 articles, recently mostly on comics cultures.
List of Figures and Tables
Note on Contributors
Brussels 1900 Vienna: Cultural Transfers 1880–1930 Piet Defraeye, Helga Mitterbauer and Chris Reyns-Chikuma
PART 1 Staging Modernisms
1 The Power of Retheatricalization and Depersonalization
Maurice Maeterlinck and Hugo von Hofmannsthal Anke Bosse
2 Viennese Theatre Critics on Viennese Maeterlinck Productions
Sigurd Paul Scheichl
3 Arthur Schnitzler and Theatre in Belgium: 1900–1930
PART 2 Transpositions
4 Literary Exchanges from Vienna to Brussels 1880–1920
5 Stefan Zweig as a Mediator and Translator of Emile Verhaeren’s Poetry
6 Concepts of Exoticism in Brussels and Vienna around 1900
7 Parallel Campaigns of Cultural Renewal
Art Nouveau, Robert Musil, and The Man Without Qualities
PART 3 Transformations
8 Belgian Artists and the Secessionist Battle for Modern Art
9 Another Modernity? Viennese Art Criticism and the Reception of Belgian Arts and Architecture around 1900
10 Fernand Khnopff, a Painter Columnist in the Viennese Press
A London–Vienna Connection via Brussels Clément Dessy
11 Kinderkunst between Vienna and Brussels 1900
Child Art, Primitivism, and Patronage Megan Brandow-Faller
12 Between Brussels and Vienna
Frans Masereel’s Transnational Wordless Narratives Chris Reyns-Chikuma
PART 4 Resonances
13 Arnold Schoenberg, La Jeune Belgique, and the Dialectics of (Viennese) Modernism
14 Parallels and Intervals
Violinists Intersecting with Modernity Guillaume Tardif
PART 5 Café and Psyche
15 About Well-Lit Hullaballoos and Suffocating Air
Senses in the Brussels and Viennese Cafés at the Fin-de-Siècle Hans Vandevoorde
16 Psychoanalysts Through Translation? Julien (Johan) Varendonck (1879–1924) —— Anna Freud (1895–1982)
Anyone interested in the history of European cultures around 1900, and particularly of cultural transfers and networks between Belgium and Austria.