Brussels 1900 Vienna

Networks in Literature, Visual and Performing Arts, and other Cultural Practices

Series: 

This co-edited volume offers new insights into the complex relations between Brussels and Vienna in the turn-of-the-century period (1880-1930). Through archival research and critical methods of cultural transfer as a network, it contributes to the study of Modernism in all its complexity.
Seventeen chapters analyse the interconnections between new developments in literature (Verhaeren, Musil, Zweig), drama (Maeterlinck, Schnitzler, Hofmannsthal), visual arts (Minne, Khnopff, Masereel, Child Art), architecture (Hoffmann, Van de Velde), music (Schönberg, Ysaÿe, Kreisler, Kolisch), as well as psychoanalysis (Varendonck, Anna Freud) and café culture. Austrian and Belgian artists played a crucial role within the complex, rich, and conflictual international networks of people, practices, institutions, and metropoles in an era of political, social and technological change and intense internationalization.

Contributors: Sylvie Arlaud, Norbert Bachleitner, Anke Bosse, Megan Brandow-Faller, Alexander Carpenter, Piet Defraeye, Clément Dessy, Aniel Guxholli, Birgit Lang, Helga Mitterbauer, Chris Reyns-Chikuma, Silvia Ritz, Hubert Roland, Inga Rossi-Schrimpf, Sigurd Paul Scheichl, Guillaume Tardif, Hans Vandevoorde.

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Piet Defraeye, Ph.D. (1994, University of Toronto), Professor Performance Studies (U of Alberta). Publishes on contemporary performance (including Handke and Jeliniek) and directs for the stage. His current research project is on the figure of Patrice Lumumba in cultural discourse.

Helga Mitterbauer, Ph.D. (2000, University of Graz), professor of German literature at the Université libre de Bruxelles who has published monographs, volumes, and articles on German/Austrian literature, including Crossing Central Europe (co-ed., 2017).

Chris Reyns-Chikuma, Ph.D. (2000, University of Colorado), is a Professor of French Cultural Studies at the University of Alberta (Canada). He has published a book on Neo-japonisme, edited another one on Glénat and written over 50 articles, recently mostly on comics cultures.
List of Figures and Tables
Note on Contributors
Acknowledgements

Introduction
Brussels 1900 Vienna: Cultural Transfers 1880–1930
   Piet Defraeye, Helga Mitterbauer and Chris Reyns-Chikuma

PART 1
Staging Modernisms

1 The Power of Retheatricalization and Depersonalization
Maurice Maeterlinck and Hugo von Hofmannsthal
   Anke Bosse

2 Viennese Theatre Critics on Viennese Maeterlinck Productions
   Sigurd Paul Scheichl

3 Arthur Schnitzler and Theatre in Belgium: 1900–1930
   Piet Defraeye

PART 2
Transpositions

4 Literary Exchanges from Vienna to Brussels 1880–1920
   Hubert Roland

5 Stefan Zweig as a Mediator and Translator of Emile Verhaeren’s Poetry
   Norbert Bachleitner

6 Concepts of Exoticism in Brussels and Vienna around 1900
   Szilvia Ritz

7 Parallel Campaigns of Cultural Renewal
Art Nouveau, Robert Musil, and The Man Without Qualities
   Aniel Guxholli

PART 3
Transformations

8 Belgian Artists and the Secessionist Battle for Modern Art
   Inga Rossi-Schrimpf

9 Another Modernity? Viennese Art Criticism and the Reception of Belgian Arts and Architecture around 1900
   Sylvie Arlaud

10 Fernand Khnopff, a Painter Columnist in the Viennese Press
A London–Vienna Connection via Brussels
   Clément Dessy

11  Kinderkunst between Vienna and Brussels 1900
Child Art, Primitivism, and Patronage
   Megan Brandow-Faller

12 Between Brussels and Vienna
Frans Masereel’s Transnational Wordless Narratives
   Chris Reyns-Chikuma

PART 4
Resonances

13 Arnold Schoenberg, La Jeune Belgique, and the Dialectics of (Viennese) Modernism
   Alexander Carpenter

14 Parallels and Intervals
Violinists Intersecting with Modernity
   Guillaume Tardif

PART 5
Café and Psyche

15 About Well-Lit Hullaballoos and Suffocating Air
Senses in the Brussels and Viennese Cafés at the Fin-de-Siècle
   Hans Vandevoorde

16 Psychoanalysts Through Translation? Julien (Johan) Varendonck (1879–1924) —— Anna Freud (1895–1982)
   Birgit Lang

Index

Anyone interested in the history of European cultures around 1900, and particularly of cultural transfers and networks between Belgium and Austria.