This volume examines the image-based methods of interpretation that pictorial and literary landscapists employed between 1500 and 1700. The seventeen essays ask how landscape, construed as the description of place in image and/or text, more than merely inviting close viewing, was often seen to call for interpretation or, better, for the application of a method or principle of interpretation.
Contributors: Boudewijn Bakker, William M. Barton, Stijn Bussels, Reindert Falkenburg, Margaret Goehring, Andrew Hui, Sarah McPhee, Luke Morgan, Shelley Perlove, Kathleen P. Long, Lukas Reddemann, Denis Ribouillault, Paul J. Smith, Troy Tower, and Michel Weemans.
Karl A.E. Enenkel is Professor of Medieval Latin and Neo-Latin at the University of Münster. Previously he was Professor of Neo-Latin at the University of Leiden. He has published widely on international Humanism, early modern culture, paratexts, literary genres 1300–1600, Neo-Latin emblems, word and image relationships, and the history of scholarship and science.
Walter S. Melion is Asa Griggs Candler Professor of Art History at Emory University. He has published widely on early modern image cultures, on the art and art theory of the Low Countries, on scriptural image-making, on emblems and emblematics, and on Jesuit image theory.
Acknowledgements List of Illustrations Notes on the Editors Notes on the Contributors
Part 1: Introduction: The Hermeneutic and Exegetical Potential of Landscapes
Introduction: Landscape and the Visual Hermeneutics of Place, 1500–1700 Walter S. Melion
Parabolic, Periphrastic, and Emblematic Ekphrasis in Hans Bol’s Emblemata Evangelica of 1585 Walter S. Melion
Part 2: Constructions of Identity: Landscapes and the Description of Reality
Landscape Description and the Hermeneutics of Neo-Latin Autobiography: the Case of Jacopo Sannazaro Karl Enenkel
Landscape in Marcus Gheeraerts’s Fable Illustrations Paul J. Smith
Order or Variety? Pieter Bruegel and the Aesthetics of Landscape Boudewijn Bakker
Schilderachtig: A Rhyparographic View of Early 17th-Century Dutch Landscape Painting Reindert Falkenburg
Landscape with Landmark: Jacob van Ruisdael’s Panorama of Amsterdam (1665–1670) Stijn Bussels
Jacob van Ruisdael’s The Jewish Cemetery, c. 1654–1655: Religious Toleration, Dutch Identity, and Divine Time Shelley Perlove
‘Car la terre ici n’est telle qu’un fol l’estime’: Landscape Description as an Interpretative Tool in Two Early Modern Poems on New France William M. Barton
Part 3: Constructions of Artificial Landscapes: Gardens, Villegiatura, Ruins
Hermeneutics and the Early Modern Garden: Ingenuity, Sociability, Education Denis Ribouillault
The Politics of Space of the Burgundian Garden Margaret Goehring
The Stratigraphy of Poetic Landscape at the Esquiline Villa Sarah McPhee
Poussin’s Allegory of Ruins Andrew Hui
‘False Art’s Insolent Address’: The Enchanted Garden in Early Modern Literature and Landscape Design Luke Morgan
Part 4: Constructions of Imaginary Landscapes
Narrative Vitality and the Forest in the Furioso Troy Tower
Epic Salvation: Christ’s Descent into Hell and the Landscape of the Underworld in Neo-Latin Christian Epic Lukas Reddemann
World Landscape as Visual Exegesis: Herri met de Bles’s Penitent Saint Jerome Michel Weemans
Cities of the Dead: Utopian Spaces, the Grotesque, and the Landscape of Violence in Early Modern France Kathleen Long
Scholars, (post-graduate) students and all others specialized or interested in the history of landscape in the literary and pictorial arts of early modern Europe. Keywords: landscape, hermeneutics, description, place, panorama, terrain, variety, pastoral, garden, pleasure ground.