Author: Amanda Jo Coles
The Romans founded colonies throughout Italy and the provinces from the early Republic through the high Empire. Far from being mere ‘bulwarks of empire,’ these colonies were established by diverse groups or magistrates for a range of reasons that responded to the cultural and political problems faced by the contemporary Roman state and populace. This project traces the diachronic changes in colonial foundation practices by contextualizing the literary, epigraphic, archaeological, and numismatic evidence with the overall perspective that evidence from one period of colonization should not be used analogistically to explain gaps in the evidence for a different period. The Roman colonies were not necessarily ‘little Romes,’ either structurally, juridically, or religiously, and therefore their role in the spread of Roman culture or the exercise of Roman imperialism was more complex than is sometimes acknowledged.

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Amanda Jo Coles, Ph.D. (University of Pennsylvania, 2009), Associate Professor of History at Illinois Wesleyan University, publishes on Roman colonial magistrates and religion, including “Freedman Magistrates in the Late Roman Republic and Empire: Caught between Patronage and Prejudice” (TAPA, 2017).

Roman Colonies in Republic and Empire
Amanda Jo Coles
 1 Introduction
 2 Historical Overview
 3 Roman Colonization and the Spread of Roman Culture
 4 Conclusions and Perspectives
 Subject Index
All interested in the institutional development of Roman colonization from early Republic to Empire and the role of colonies in Roman imperialism, especially graduate students and professional historians.