This book invites to rethink certain aspects of halal, and in particular the issue of the halal market and halal certification in Muslim-minority contexts. Rather than limiting itself to elucidating the doctrinal traditions relating to halal/haram, or on the contrary, focusing only on the external economic, financial, political or demographic factors that explain the changes taking place, Rethinking Halal shows the need to underline the points of balance between the aspects of religious doctrine on the one hand and the economic or political contextual aspects on the other hand. Through the study of various countries, Rethinking Halal demonstrates that Islam underwent a process of positivisation, that is, a kind of reframing of its rules and principles through the lens of a characteristically modern standardising, scientificising, and systematising mind.
Contributors are Ayang Utriza Yakin, Louis-Léon Christians, Baudouin Dupret, Jajat Burhanudin, Syafiq Hasyim, Zaynab El Bernoussi, En-Chieh Chao, Rossella Bottoni, Lauren Crossland-Marr, Konrad Pędziwiatr, Matteo Benussi, Harun Sencal and Mehmet Asutay.
Ayang Utriza Yakin, Ph.D. (2013), Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Paris, is Visiting Professor in Arabic and Islamic Studies at Ghent University and Postdoctoral and Research Fellow at Catholic University of Louvain and Sciences-Po Bordeaux.
Louis-Léon Christians, Ph.D. (2001), Université de Paris XI, is Professor of Law and Religion at Catholic University of Louvain. He has published more than 200 articles and chapters on Law and Religion in European Law, including Islamic norms before the European courts.
Acknowledgements Abbreviations Notes on Contributors
1 Rethinking Halal: Critical Perspective on Halal Markets and Certification Ayang Utriza Yakin, Louis-Léon Christians, and Baudouin Dupret
Part 1 Halal Market: Genealogy and Current Trends
2 Rethinking Halal: Hegemony, Agency, and Process Harun Sencal and Mehmet Asutay
3 Halal Practices at the Dawn of Southeast Asian Modernity: Some Cases of Halal Fatwas in al-Manār in the Beginning of the Twentieth Century Jajat Burhanudin
4 Halal Issues, Ijtihād, and Fatwa-Making in Indonesia and Malaysia Syafiq Hasyim
5 Developing the Halal Market: China’s Opportunity to Strengthen MENA Ties and Uighur/Hui Issues Zaynab El Bernoussi
6 Science, Politics, and Islam: The Other Origin Story of Halal Authentication in Indonesia En-Chieh Chao
Part 2 Halal Certification: New Interpretations in Critical Perspective
7 Halal Certification, Standards, and Their Ramifications in Belgium Ayang Utriza Yakin
8 The Italian and Spanish Legal Experiences with Halal Certifying Bodies Rossella Bottoni
9 The Process of Eating Ethically: A Comparison of Religious and National Food Certifications in Italy Lauren Crossland-Marr
10 Halal Certification as a Source of Intra- and Inter-Group Tensions among Muslims in Poland Konrad Pędziwiatr
11 Living Halal in the Volga Region: Lifestyle and Civil Society Opportunities Matteo Benussi
All interested in halal issues in both majority and minority contexts at the crossroad of interdisciplinary approaches in social and human sciences and especially anyone concerned with Islamic and religious studies.