This book is the first ever edition of an abnormal hieratic business archive from the Louvre once kept by a mortuary priest in 7th century BCE Thebes (Egypt). In addition to providing a full edition of the eight texts from this unique – and partly unpublished – archive, the author also discusses points of Late Period history, law, economics, religion, grammar, and chronology. Of equal note is the particular focus on abnormal hieratic palaeography, thereby turning this publication into a genuine handbook for the study of the most difficult script from Ancient Egypt that will serve students for the next hundred years, offering a unique insight into the ancient Egyptian abnormal hieratic and demotic legal traditions.
Koenraad Donker van Heel, MA in Egyptology (1989) and PhD in Legal History (1996), is University Lecturer in Demotic at Leiden University, teaching Demotic, Abnormal Hieratic and Ancient Egyptian Law. He also writes popular books about life in ancient Egypt.
Abbreviated Titles Preface Acknowledgments About the Plates
Introduction 1 The Documents Contained in the Archive
2 Previous Study of the Texts
3 The Choachyte Petebaste Son of Peteamunip
4 Women’s Involvement in Choachytal Work (
Petra C. Hogenboom-Meijerink)
5 A Family of Clients?
6 The Order of the Reigns in Dynasty 25
7 Did the Witnesses to Abnormal Hieratic Texts Copy Each Other’s Subscriptions?
8 The Dilemma of the Scribe N.N. Son of Hor: What to Use in an Abnormal Hieratic Text, Buchschrift or Geschäftsschrift? (
Juan J. Archidona Ramírez)
The Texts 1 Text
1: P. Louvre E 3228 Étiq. E Carton D
2: P. Louvre E 3228 Étiq. D Carton A
3: P. Louvre E 3228 Étiq. G Carton G
4: P. Louvre E 3228 Étiq. F Carton B
5: P. Louvre E 3228 Étiq. C Carton C
6: P. Louvre E 3228 Étiq. B Carton E
7: P. Louvre E 3228 Étiq. A Carton F
8: P. Louvre E 3228 Étiq. H Carton H
Palaeographical Notes 1 Palaeographical Notes to Text
1 2 Palaeographical Notes to Text
2 3 Palaeographical Notes to Text
3 4 Palaeographical Notes to Text
4 5 Palaeographical Notes to Text
5 6 Palaeographical Notes to Text
6 7 Palaeographical Notes to Text
7 8 Palaeographical Notes to Text
Indexes 1 Deities
2 Royal Names
3 Personal Names
6 Numerals, Fractions and Month and Day Dates
7 Accounting Term
8 Damaged Or Unread
9 Sources Cited in the Text
10 Words and Phrases Discussed in the Notes to the Translation
11 Words, Parts of Words and Names and Phrases Discussed in the Notes to the Transliteration
Egyptologists, (legal) historians, sociologists and anthropologists – and their libraries and students – interested in Late Period history, law, economics, religion, grammar, chronology, and abnormal hieratic palaeography.