The Presence of the Prophet in Early Modern and Contemporary Islam

Volume 2, Heirs of the Prophet: Authority and Power

Series: 

This second collective volume of the series The Presence of the Prophet explores the growing importance of the figure of the Prophet Muhammad for questions of authority and power in early modern and modern times.
The authors provide a rich collection of case studies on how Muhammad’s material, spiritual, and genealogical heritage has been claimed for the foundation of Muslim empires, revolutionary movements, the formation of modern nation states and ideologies, as well as for communal mobilization and social reform.
This novel comparative, and diachronic study, which is unique for its wide coverage of regional cases and perspectives, reveals diverse political representations of the Prophet in an increasingly globalised struggle over the control of his image between secularization and sacralization.

Contributors
Gianfranco Bria, Rachida Chih, Christoph Günther, Gottfried Hagen, Jan-Peter Hartung, David Jordan, Soraya Khodamoradi, Jamal Malik, Catherine Mayeur-Jaouen, Alix Philippon, Martin Riexinger, Stefan Reichmuth, Dilek Sarmis, Renaud Soler, Jaafar Ben El Haj Soulami, Florian Zemmin.
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Rachida Chih (Ph. D. 1996 Aix-en Provence) is Senior Researcher (CNRS, Paris), specialist for the history, literature and anthropology of Sufism in Egypt and Morocco. Publications include: Sufism in Ottoman Egypt: Circulation, Renewal and Authority in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (2019).

Stefan Reichmuth (Ph. D. 1983 Berlin, Habilitation 1992 Bayreuth) is retired Professor for Arabic and Islamic Studies at Bochum University. Publications on Islam in Africa, on science, Sufism and transregional networks include “Aspects of Prophetic Piety in the Early Modern Period” (2017).

David Jordan (Ph. D. 2019 Hamburg) is Research Associate for Islamic Studies at Bochum University. He publishes on religion and politics in the modern Middle East, including: “ Jaysh rijāl al-ṭarīqa al-naqshbandīya: The Sufi Resistance of the Former Baʿth Party in Iraq” (2020).

Contributors
Gianfranco Bria, Rachida Chih, Christoph Günther, Gottfried Hagen, Jan-Peter Hartung, David Jordan, Soraya Khodamoradi, Jamal Malik, Catherine Mayeur-Jaouen, Alix Philippon, Martin Riexinger, Stefan Reichmuth, Dilek Sarmis, Renaud Soler, Jaafar Ben El Haj Soulami, Florian Zemmin.
Acknowledgements
List of Figures
Notes on Contributors

Introduction
Rachida Chih, David Jordan, and Stefan Reichmuth

Part 1: Empires and Revolutions


1 Pietas Ottomanica
 The House of Osman and the Prophet Muḥammad
Gottfried Hagen

2 Model, Not Idol
 The Recasting of the Image of Muḥammad in Mukhtaṣar sīrat al-rasūl by Muḥammad b. ʿAbd al-Wahhāb (d. 1792)
Martin Riexinger

3 The Prophet in a Muslim Age of Revolutions (ca. 1775–1850)
Stefan Reichmuth

Part 2: Prophetic Descent and Authority


4 Mafhūm al-niqāba bayna al-tawjīh al-sharʿī wa-l-ṣayrūra al-tārīkhiyya fī l-Maghrib al-Aqṣā (The Concept of the Niqāba between Legal Norm and Historical Development in Morocco)
Jaafar Ben El Haj Soulami

English Summary of Chapter 4
Stefan Reichmuth
5 Siyāda and Imamate in Eighteenth-Century India
 The Ṭarīqa Muḥammadiyya Khāliṣa and the Sunnī–Shīʿī Sectarian Conflict
Soraya Khodamoradi

6 Vérification des généalogies (taḥqīq al-ansāb) et centralité égyptienne
 Le Syndicat des descendants du Prophète (niqābat al-ashrāf) à l’époque contemporaine
Catherine Mayeur-Jaouen

Part 3: Modern Nation-States and Ideologies


7 Le rôle du Prophète dans l’approche marxiste de l’histoire de Bandalī Jawzī (1871-1942)
 Min tārīkh al-ḥarakāt al-fikriyya fī l-islām (De l’histoire des mouvements de pensée en islam)
Renaud Soler

8 The Place and Functions of the Figure of the Prophet in Turkish School Textbooks and General Religious Teaching
 Citizenship Models and the Legitimisation of the State
Dilek Sarmis

9 The Prophet, His Mevlud, and the Building of the Albanian Nation-State
Gianfranco Bria

10 The Prophet, Law, and Constitution in Pakistani Society
Jamal Malik

11 “So Let Today Be All the Arabs Muḥammad”
 The Prophet in the Discourse of the Iraqi Baʿth Party
David Jordan

part 4: Mobilisation, Empowerment, and Social Reform


12 The Modern Prophet
 Rashīd Riḍā’s Construction of Muḥammad as Religious and Social Reformer
Florian Zemmin

13 Religious Revival (tajdīd) and Politics in Contemporary Morocco
 “The Prophetic Path” of Shaykh Abdessalam Yassine (d. 2012)
Rachida Chih

14 For the Love of Prophet Muḥammad
 Religious Devotion and Political Mobilisation among the Barelwis of Pakistan
Alix Philippon

15 Taking Lessons from the Prophet in Times of War
 Muḥammadan Images during the Afghan Resistance (ca. 1978–92)
Jan-Peter Hartung

16 al-Dawla al-nabawiyya
 Appropriating the Prophet’s Authority in the Islamic State’s Media
Christoph Günther

Index
Scientific and general readership interested in Islam and Muslim culture and politics in different regional and historical contexts, Historical Anthropology, Sociology of Religion, Religion and Politics.