The Syntax and Semantics of Wh-Clauses in Classical Greek

Relatives, Interrogatives, Exclamatives


Author: Richard Faure
Adapting tools recently developed in general linguistics and dwelling on a solid corpus study, this book offers the first comprehensive view on Classical Greek wh-clauses since Monteil (1963) and scrutinizes how wh-items (ὅς, ὅστις, τίς) distribute across the different clause types. False ideas are discarded (e.g., there are no τίς relative clauses, ὅστις does not take over ὅς’ functions). This essay furthermore teases apart actual neutralization and so-far-unknown subtle distinctions. Who knew that ὅστις is featured in three different types of appositive clauses? In the interrogative domain, an analysis is given of what licenses ὅς to pop in and τίς to pop out. Tackling these topics and more, this essay draws a coherent picture of the wh-clause system, whose basis is the notion of (non)identification.

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Richard Faure (Phd, Sorbonne 2010) is Maître de conférences (associate professor) at Université Côte d'Azur. He specializes in Ancient and general linguistics. He published extensively on subordination at the syntax/semantics interface on Greek, but also on Armenian, French, Occitan.
List of Tables and Figures

1 The Landscape of Wh-clauses in Classical Greek
 1  Three Paradigms of wh-items in Classical Greek
 2  The Nature of wh-items
 3  What This Book Is Not About
 4  About the Chapters of This Book

Part 1 The Framework

2 Ὅς/ὅστις Form a Pair of Complementary Items
 1  The Uses
 2  The Difference between ὅς and ὅστις
 3  Generalizing: The Notion of Identification
 4  Conclusion

3 Bringing Τίς into the Picture
 1  Uses Common to τίς and ὅστις
 2  Τίς and ὅστις in Indirect Interrogative Clauses
 3  Ὅστις Meaning
 4  Τίς Meaning
 5  Conclusion

Part 2 Marginal Cases

4 The Clash between Definite Terms and Ὅστις as Pragmatic Disagreement
 1  Ὅστις Meaning: A Nonidentificational Item
 2  Distribution of the Sequence [Definite Term + ὅστις]
 3  ‘Causal’ ὅστις as an Illocutionary Operator
 4  Illocutionary ὅστις Is Nonidentificational
 5  Conclusion

5 Complement Wh-clauses and the Predicates That Embed Them
 1  Interrogative-Embedding Predicates in the Landscape of Propositional Attitude Predicates
 2  Classification Based on Denotations of Interrogative Clauses
 3  The Distribution of Interrogative-Embedding Predicates in Classical Greek
 4  Conclusion

6 Τίς (and Ὅστις) in Unselected Embedded Questions
 1  Wh- vs. Yes/No-Unselected Embedded Questions
 2  Previous Approaches to wh-UEQs
 3  The Left Periphery of wh-UEQ
 4  A Type-Shifting Account for wh-UEQs
 5  Concluding Remarks

7 The Origin of Ὅς Interrogatives
 1  Ὅς Clauses as Interrogatives
 2  Ὅς Clauses Appear after Resolutive Predicates
 3  Resolutive Predicates in Nonveridical Environments
 4  Resolutive/Cognitive Factive Predicates and ὅς Clauses
 5  From Relative to Interrogative Clauses
 6  Concluding Remarks

8 Wh-exclamative Clauses
 1  Classical Greek Data
 2  Exclamatives as Presupposed Propositions
 3  Focus: What We Learn from Syntax
 4  Scalarity, Degree, Widening and Unexpectedness
 5  Concluding Remarks

9 The Ups and Downs of Classical Greek Wh-items
 1  Identification as the Key Notion
 2  Semantic vs. Traditional Syntactic Classification in Relatives, Interrogatives, Exclamatives
 3  Three Words of Diachrony
 4  Final Word

Appendix: Constructions and Classification of Interrogative-Embedding Predicates
Index Locorum
Index Notionum et Rerum
As the reference work on the matter of Classical Greek relative and interrogative clauses, this book targets scholars and advanced students (Classicists-linguists specializing in Greek and Latin, philologists, general linguists).