The Qur’anic surahs and passages that are customarily taken to postdate Muhammad’s emigration to Medina occupy a key position in the formative period of Islam: they fundamentally shaped later convictions about Muhammad’s paradigmatic authority and universal missionary remit; they constitute an important basis for Islam’s development into a religion with a strong legal focus; and they demarcate the Qur’anic community from Judaism and Christianity. The volume exemplifies a rich array of approaches to the challenges posed by this part of the Qur’an, including its distinctive literary and doctrinal features, its relationship to other late antique traditions, and the question of oral composition.
Contributors are Karen Bauer, Saqib Hussain, Marianna Klar, Joseph E. Lowry, Angelika Neuwirth, Andrew J. O’Connor, Cecilia Palombo, Nora K. Schmid, Nicolai Sinai, Devin J. Stewart, Gabriel S. Reynolds, Neal Robinson and Holger Zellentin.
Nicolai Sinai is Professor of Islamic Studies at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of Pembroke College. His publications include The Qur’an: A Historical-Critical Introduction (2017) and Rain-Giver, Bone-Breaker, Score-Settler: Allāh in Pre-Quranic Poetry (2019).
List of Figures and Tables
Introduction Nicolai Sinai
Part 1 Literary Features of the Medinan Qurʾan
1 Towards a Compositional Grammar of the Medinan Suras Nicolai Sinai
2 Lexical Layers vs Structural Paradigms in the Opening of Sūrat al-Baqara: Typically Medinan Structures in Q 2, Q 3, and Some Shorter Medinan Compositions Marianna Klar
3 Formulae and Repetition in the Medinan Qurʾan: The Story of the Golden Calf between Meccan and Medinan Suras Cecilia Palombo
4 Interrogative Rhetoric and Deliberative Discourse in the Medinan Suras Nora K. Schmid
5 Vocatives in the Qurʾan and the Framing of Prophetic Proclamations Devin J. Stewart
Part 2 Ritual, Prophetology, and Law: Some Medinan Themes
6 The Qibla of Muhammad’s Community Reconsidered Angelika Neuwirth
7 Obeying God and His Messenger: Medinan Prophetology in the Meccan Qurʾan? Andrew J. O’Connor
8 Law in the Medinan Qurʾan: The Case of Biblical Incest Law and Its Qurʾanic Reiteration Holger Zellentin
Part 3 Studies of Individual Suras
9 The Dynamics of Sūrat Āl ʿImrān (Q 3) Neal Robinson
10 A Guide to the Legal Material in Sūrat al-Nisāʾ (Q 4) Joseph E. Lowry
11 Emotive Rhetoric, Plot, and Persuasion in a Jihād Surah (Q 8 al-Anfāl) Karen Bauer
12 Intratextuality, Doublets, and Orality in the Qurʾan, with Attention to Suras 61 and 66 Gabriel S. Reynolds
13 Q 63 (Sūrat al-Munāfiqūn): A Text-Critical and Structural Analysis Saqib Hussain
Researchers and post-graduate students in Islamic studies, colleagues from neighbouring disciplines (Late Antiquity, Biblical studies)