Humanism, Universities, and Jesuit Education in Late Renaissance Italy

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This book contains twenty essays on Italian Renaissance humanism, universities, and Jesuit education by one of its most distinguished living historians, Paul. F. Grendler. The first section of the book opens with defining Renaissance humanism, followed by explorations of biblical humanism and humanistic education in Venice. It concludes with essays on two pioneering historians of humanism, Georg Voigt and Paul Oskar Kristeller. The middle section discusses Italian universities, the sports played by university students, a famous law professor, and the controversy over the immortality of the soul. The last section analyzes Jesuit education: the culture of the Jesuit teacher, the philosophy curriculum, attitudes toward Erasmus and Juan Luis Vives, and the education of a cardinal.
This volume collects Paul Grendler's most recent research (published and unpublished), offering to the reader a broad fresco on a complex and crucial age in the history of education.

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Paul F. Grendler, Professor Emeritus of History, University of Toronto, is the author of twelve books and editor-in-chief of the Encyclopedia of the Renaissance. He has received the Galileo Prize, the Paul Oskar Kristeller Lifetime Achievement Award, and the George E. Ganss S.J. Award.
Acknowledgments

List of Illustrations

Abbreviations

Introduction

part 1
Humanism
1Humanism: Ancient Learning, Criticism, Schools, and Universities
 1 The Historiography of Humanism

 2 Classical Learning and Criticism

 3 Schools and Universities


2Georg Voigt: Historian of Humanism
 1 Education and Career

 2 Die Wiederbelebung

 3 Influence

 4 Conclusion


3Italian Biblical Humanism and the Papacy 1515–1535
 1 Four Christian Hebraists

 2 Two Curial Cardinals

 3 The Role of the Papacy

 4 Conclusion


4Education in the Republic of Venice
 1 Medieval Background

 2 The Renaissance Expansion of Schooling

 3 Catholic Reformation Schooling

 4 The Reforms of the 1770s

 5 Jewish Schooling

 6 Conclusion


5The Humanistic Gymnasium from Humboldt to Kristeller
 1 Bildung and the Humanistic Gymnasium

 2 Paul Oskar Kristeller at the Mommsen Gymnasium

 3 Conclusion


part 2
Universities
6Paul Oskar Kristeller on Renaissance Universities
 1 Early Interest in Universities

 2 Publications 1945 through 1956

 3 A Book on the “Intellectual History of the Italian Universities to 1600”

 4 “The Curriculum of the Italian Universities”

 5 Debates with Other Scholars

 6 Theology in Italian Universities

 7 The University of Heidelberg

 8 Other Studies

 9 Conclusion


7Studies on the Italian Universities of the Renaissance An Unpublished Work of Paul Oskar Kristeller. Introduced and Edited by Paul F. Grendler

8Italian Universities and War 1494–1630
 1 The University of Pavia and War

 2 The Movements of Professors and Students Because of War

 3 Conclusion


9Gasparo Contarini and the University of Padua

10Fencing, Playing Ball, and Dancing in Italian Renaissance Universities
 1 The Students

 2 Lo scolare of Annibale Roero

 3 Fencing

 4 Playing Ball

 5 Dancing

 6 Conclusion


11On the Causes of the Greatness and Magnificence of Italian Universities
 1 Conclusion


12Giacomo Antonio Marta: Antipapal Lawyer and English Spy 1609–1618
 1 Civil and Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction

 2 A Spy for James I

 3 The Supplicatio ad Imperatorem … Contra Paulum Quintum

 4 Conclusion


13Apostolici Regiminis Sollicitudo: Italian Preachers Defend the Immortality of the Soul
 1 Apostolici Regiminis Sollicitudo

 2 The Italian University Response

 3 Preachers Against False Philosophy: Cornelio Musso

 4 Franceschino Visdomini and Girolamo Seripando

 5 Francesco Panigarola

 6 Conclusion


part 3
Jesuit Education
14Laínez and the Schools in Europe
 1 Before 1556

 2 Growth of the Schools

 3 The Teacher Shortage

 4 The Schools Are the Most Important Ministry

 5 The Formula for Accepting Colleges

 6 Other Actions

 7 Conclusion


15Philosophy in Jesuit Schools and Universities
 1 The Development of the Philosophical Cursus

 2 Teachers and Schools

 3 Conflicts with Universities


16The Culture of the Jesuit Teacher 1548–1773
 1 All Jesuits Will Teach

 2 Leader and Manager of the Classroom

 3 The Culture of Competition

 4 Jesuit Civic Humanism

 5 Teacher of the Elite

 6 The Jesuit Teacher Cares for Poor and Weak Students

 7 Conclusion


17The Attitudes of the Jesuits toward Juan Luis Vives
 1 Ignatius of Loyola and Vives

 2 After Ignatius

 3 Conclusion


18The Attitudes of the Jesuits toward Erasmus
 1 Should Jesuit Schools Teach the Works of Erasmus?

 2 The Generalate of Diego Laínez 1556–1565

 3 After the Indexes

 4 The Final Destination of the Works of Erasmus

 5 Conclusion


19Fifteenth-Century Catechesis, the Schools of Christian Doctrine, and the Jesuits
 1 Youth Confraternities Teaching Christian Doctrine in the Fifteenth Century

 2 Fifteenth-Century Catechisms

 3 The Milanese Schools of Christian Doctrine

 4 The Missing Jesuits

 5 Jesuit Catechesis

 6 Conclusion


20The Jesuit Education of Benedetto Pamphilj at the Collegio Romano


Index 495

Anyone interested in the Italian Renaissance, humanism, the history of education, universities, and the Jesuits.