The discoveries of Coptic books containing “Gnostic” scriptures in Upper Egypt in 1945 and of the Dead Sea Scrolls near Khirbet Qumran in 1946 are commonly reckoned as the most important archaeological finds of the twentieth century for the study of early Christianity and ancient Judaism. Yet, impeded by academic insularity and delays in publication, scholars never conducted a full-scale, comparative investigation of these two sensational corpora—until now. Featuring articles by an all-star, international lineup of scholars, this book offers the first sustained, interdisciplinary study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Nag Hammadi Codices.
Dylan M. Burns (Ph.D. Yale University, 2011) is Assistant Professor of the History of Western Esotericism in Late Antiquity at the Center for the History of Hermetic Philosophy and Related Currents at the Universiteit van Amsterdam. His most recent book is Did God Care? Providence, Dualism, and Will in Later Greek and Early Christian Philosophy (Brill, 2020).
Matthew Goff (Ph.D. University of Chicago, 2002) is a Professor of Hebrew Bible and Second Temple Judaism in the Department of Religion at Florida State University. His most recent publication is an edited volume, with Stefan Beyerle, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (de Gruyter, 2022).
Acknowledgments List of Figures and Tables Abbreviations Notes on Contributors
Part 1: Introduction
1 The Dead Sea Scrolls, the Nag Hammadi Codices, and the Joys of Weak Comparison Dylan M. Burns and Matthew Goff
Part 2: New Antiquities: Initial Receptions of the Qumran and Nag Hammadi Corpora
2 Artifact Migration and the Transport of Ancient Knowledge into Modernity: The Role of Human Cognition in the Process of Immigration April D. DeConick
3 The Impact of the Qumran and Nag Hammadi Discoveries on New Testament Scholarship: Dualism in John and Jesus’s Eschatology as Paradigms Jörg Frey
4 Finding Stories: A Literary Critique of Certain Themes in the Story of the Discovery of the Nag Hammadi Codices and the Dead Sea Scrolls Christoph Markschies
Part 3: Texts, Manuscripts, and Canons: Scripture, Scribes, and Exegesis at Qumran and Nag Hammadi
5 Material Philology and the Nag Hammadi Codices Hugo Lundhaug
6 Jewish Scrolls, Monastic Codices, and Material Philology Matthew Goff
7 The Biblical Canons after Qumran and Nag Hammadi: Some Preliminary Observations Jens Schröter
Part 4: Portrayals of Patriarchs in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Nag Hammadi Codices
8 From Adam to the Patriarchs: Some Biblical Figures in the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Nag Hammadi Library George J. Brooke
9 Celestial Landscapes and Heavenly Ascents: The Slavonic Book of the Holy Secrets of Enoch the Just (2 Enoch) Florentina Badalanova Geller
10 It Didn’t Happen the Way Moses Said It Did: Exegesis, Creativity, and Enochic Traditions in the Apocryphon of John Matthew Goff
11 Enochic Literature in Nag Hammadi Texts: The Enochic Myth of Angelic Descent as Interpretative Pattern? Claudia Losekam
12 Blenders of the Lost Arks: Noah’s Ark and the Ark of the Covenant as One in Gnostic and Other Judeo-Christian Literature Tuomas Rasimus
Part 5: “Weak Comparison” in Praxis: Interdisciplinary Investigations of Themes in the Qumran and Nag Hammadi Literatures
13 Revealers and Revelation from Qumran to Nag Hammadi Harold W. Attridge
14 There Is No Soul in a Sect, Only Spirit and Flesh: Soteriological Determinism in the Tripartite Tractate (NHC I,5) and the “Vision of Hagu” (4QInstruction) Dylan M. Burns
15 The Visionary’s View: Otherworldly Motifs and Their Use/Reuse in Texts of Qumran and Nag Hammadi Kelley Coblentz Bautch
16 Expressions of Pseudepigraphy in the Qumran Aramaic Fragments and First Impressions of the Nag Hammadi Codices Andrew B. Perrin
Index of Citations of Ancient Texts Index of Modern Authors
This book will be of great interest for scholars and anyone interested in the history of ancient Judaism and early Christianity, biblical literature, and religions of antiquity.