Old Turkic is the earliest, directly attested Turkic language. This original work describes the grammar of Old Turkic.
The language is documented in inscriptions in the 'runic' script in Mongolia and the Yenisey basin, from the seventh to the tenth century; in Uygur manuscripts from Chinese Turkestan in Uygur, and in runic and other scripts (comprising religious – mostly Buddhist –, legal, literary, medical, folkloric, astrological and personal material), from the ninth to the thirteenth century; and in eleventh-century Qarakhanid texts, mostly in Arabic writing.
All aspects of Old Turkic are dealt with: phonology, subphonemic phenomena and morphophonology, and the way these are reflected in the various scripts, derivational and inflectional morphology, grammatical categories, word classes, syntax, textual and extra-textual reference and other means of coherence, lexical fields, discourse types, phraseology as well as stylistic, dialect and diachronic variation.


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Biographical Note

Marcel Erdal, Ph.D. (1976) in Old Turkic at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, was Lecturer, Senior Lecturer and Associate Professor for Turcology and Linguistics at the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. He is Professor for Turcology at the University of Frankfurt since 1993.

Review Quotes

' The book will doubtlessly have long-lasting value to the field.' Ludek Hrebicek, Archiv Orientalni, 2005.


This unique reference work will prove a valuable addition to academic libraries, Turcologists, linguists (especially those interested in the grammar of corpus languages, in agglutinative languages or in left-branching languages), Altaists, specialists of early Central Asia and Buddhologists.