This volume is the first critical edition of all accessible palimpsest fragments of the Gospels in the Christian Palestinian Aramaic version surviving from the early period (5th-8th centuries AD). For this enterprise, the scattered text material was collated and additional fragments were identified. The latest finds from the Monastery of St. Catherine, Sinai, have been included as well. In addition, this text edition is enhanced by distinguishing the different revisions of the synoptic Gospels which are of importance for Bible critics, since the Christian Palestinian Aramaic version provides direct evidence for the original Greek version. The text is accompanied by a philological commentary and a glossary.