Till God Inherits the Earth

Islamic Pious Endowments in al-Andalus (9-15th Centuries)


Till God Inherits the Earth deals with the origins and evolution of the Islamic institution of pious endowments in al-Andalus, analysing its juridical basis and its social-economic role.
Evidence is primarily drawn from Andalusi Maliki jurisprudence and from narrative and biographical traditional sources as well.
Separate chapters examine private and public donations and special importance is given to the analysis of the public goals of the institution, namely, charitative, religious (mosques, rabitas), educational and for the jihad. The book is completed with several appendices including complementary information, translations of Arabic texts and figures.
This study provides us with a complete knowledge of several and important issues such as the relevance of Islamic jurisprudence as an historical source, the structure of economic property, the idea of charity, the Islamic concept of general or common interest and the social and juridical role of men of religion.
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Biographical Note

Alejandro García Sanjuán, Ph.D. (1998) in Medieval History, University of Seville (Spain), is currently Professor of Medieval History at Huelva University (Spain) and his academic field of research is the history of al-Andalus.

Table of contents

Preface and Acknowledgements .. ix
Glossary of Arabic Terms .. xi

Chapter 1 Sources used .. 1
Chapter 2 The use of Islamic jurisprudence as a
documentary source .. 24
Chapter 3 Origins and early development of the
institution .. 55
Chapter 4 The Legal Framework: general elements of
donations .. 82
Chapter 5 The family or private a˙bàs .. 142
Chapter 6 The aims of pious a˙bàs .. 184
Chapter 7 The organisation of mosques and the role
of pious endowments .. 243
Chapter 8 The officials responsible for managing the
endowment: nazir, qadì and sà˙ib al-a˙bàs .. 293
Chapter 9 Legal Theory versus Practical Needs: causes
and mechanisms to altering donations .. 337
Chapter 10 Pious endowments in the context of the
Andalusian Social Formation .. 392
Conclusion .. 436

Appendix I Jurists and fuqahà": identification and
alphabetical index .. 448
Appendix II Inventory and breakdown of fatàwà included
in the Mi'yàr .. 457
Appendix III Tables of Data .. 467
Appendix IV Location of Ibn Rushd’s fatàwà .. 477
Appendix V Graphs .. 479
Appendix VI Texts in Translation .. 484

Sources .. 523
Bibliography .. 527
Index .. 539


All those interested in Islamic history (Arabists and Historians), the history of al-Andalus, the history of the Iberian Peninsula during Middle Ages, the history of institutions and in social and economic history.


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