The Russo-Japanese War in Global Perspective

World War Zero, Volume I


This volume examines the Russo-Japanese War in its military, diplomatic, social, political, economic, and cultural context. Through the use of research from newly opened Russian and little used Japanese sources the editors assert that the Russo-Japanese War was, in fact, World War Zero, the first global conflict in the 20th century. The contributors demonstrate that the Russo-Japanese War, largely forgotten in the aftermath of World War One, actually was a precursor to the catastrophe that engulfed the world less than a decade after the signing of the Treaty of Portsmouth. This study not only further reveals the weaknesses of Imperial Russia but also exhibits Japan as it entered its fateful 20th century.

Contributors: Oleg Rudolfovich Airapetov; Boris Vasilevich Ananich; Michael Auslin; Paul A. Bushkovitch; John Bushnell; Frederick R. Dickinson; Tatiana Aleksandrovna Filippova; David Goldfrank; Antti Kujala; Dominic Lieven; Igor Vladimirovich Lukoianov; Pertti Luntinen; Steven Marks; Yoshihisa Tak Matsusaka; David Maclaren Mcdonald; Bruce W. Menning; Edward S. Miller; Ian Nish ; Dmitrii Ivanovich Oleinikov; Nicholas Papastratigakis; Paul A. Rodell; Norman E. Saul; Charles Schencking; Barry Scherr; David Schimmelpenninck Van Der Oye; Evgenii Iurevich Sergeev; Naoko Shimazu; Yokote Shinji; John W. Steinberg; Richard Stites; James T. Ulak; David Wolff; Don Wright.


EUR €219.00USD $272.00

Biographical Note

John W. Steinberg is Associate Professor of History at Georgia Southern University. His book on the education, training, and performance of the Imperial Russian General Staff, 1898-1914 is forthcoming. Bruce W. Menning is a Professor of Strategy at the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. A specialist in modern Russian military history, he is the author of Bayonets before Bullets: The Imperial Russian Army, 1861-1914. David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye is Associate Professor of Russian and East Asian History at Brock University in St. Catharines, Canada. He, together with Bruce Menning, edited Reforming the Tsar’s Army: Military Innovation in Imperial Russia from Peter the Great to the Revolution. David Wolff is Senior Research Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson Center, specializing in Northeast Asian political and diplomatic history. He has held appointments at Princeton and Berkeley. He is the author of To the Harbin Station: The Liberal Alternative in Russian Manchuria, 1898-1914. Yokote Shinji is Professor of Russian History and Politics at Keio University. He is most recently author of Higashi Ajia no Roshia (Russia in East Asia).

Table of contents

Preface List of Maps and Illustrations Conventions Introduction John W. Steinberg, Bruce W. Menning, David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye, David Wolff, Shinji Yokote Part I In the Shadow of War Chapter One Japanese Strategy, Geopolitics and the Origins of the War, 1792-1895 Michael Auslin Chapter Two The Immediate Origins of the War David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye Chapter Three Stretching out to the Yalu: A Contested Frontier, 1900-1903 Ian Nish Chapter Four The Bezobrazovtsy Igor Lukoianov Chapter Five Crimea Redux? On the Origins of the War David Goldfrank Part II War on Land and Sea Chapter Six The Operational Overview John W. Steinberg Chapter Seven Neither Mahan nor Moltke: Strategy in the War Bruce W. Menning Chapter Eight The Russian Army’s Fatal Flaws Oleg Airapetov Chapter Nine Human Bullets, General Nogi, and the Myth of Port Arthur Y. Tak Matsusaka Chapter Ten The Russian Far Eastern Squadron’s Operational Plans Nicholas Papastratigakis with Dominic Lieven Chapter Eleven The Russian Navy at War Pertti Luntinen Chapter Twelve Japanese Subversion in the Russian Empire Antti Kujala Chapter Thirteen Russian Military Intelligence Evgenii Sergeev Chapter Fourteen Intelligence Intermediaries: The Competition for Chinese Spies David Wolff Illustrations Part III The Home Front Chapter Fifteen The Specter of Mutinous Reserves: How the War Produced the October Manifesto John Bushnell Chapter Sixteen The Far East in the Eyes of the Russian Intelligentsia Paul Bushkovitch Chapter Seventeen Love Thine Enemy: Japanese Perceptions of Russia Naoko Shimazu Chapter Eighteen Battling Blocks: Representations of the War in Japanese Woodblock Art James Ulak Chapter Nineteen Russian Representations of the Japanese Enemy Richard Stites Chapter Twenty Images of the Foe in the Russian Satirical Press Tatiana Filippova Chapter Twenty-One The War in the Russian Literary Imagination Barry Scherr Part IV The Impact Chapter Twenty-Two Russian War Financing Boris Ananich Chapter Twenty-Three Japan’s Other Victory: Overseas Financing of the War Ed Miller Chapter Twenty-Four The Kittery Peace Norman Saul Chapter Twenty-Five The War in Russian Historical Memory Dmitrii Oleinikov Chapter Twenty-Six Commemorating the War in Post-Versailles Japan Frederick Dickinson Chapter Twenty-Seven Tsushima’s Echoes: Asian Defeat and Tsarist Foreign Policy David McDonald Chapter Twenty-Eight Interservice Rivalry and Politics in Post-War Japan Charles Schencking Chapter Twenty-Nine “That Vital Spark:” Japanese Patriotism in Russian Military Perspective Don Wright Chapter Thirty “Bravo, Brave Tiger of the East!” The War and the Rise of Nationalism in British Egypt and India Steven Marks Chapter Thirty-One Inspiration for Nationalist Aspirations? Southeast Asia and Japan’s Victory Paul Rodell Maps Notes on Contributors Index


Anyone interested in early 20th century Japanese, Russian, European, and United States military, diplomatic, political, social, economic, or cultural history.